Dipendra Kandel Initiative
  • Technocratic Diplomacy

    The globalized reality we live in requires us to engage in active learning and adapting to change. Therefore, all our work is conducted with an international mindset and a technocratic approach. 

    In the long run, we wish to increase international cooperation and technocratic practices across the public and private sector.

Transportation (Aviation, Road, Rail & Water)

A good transportation infrastructure and system is vital for any country. By developing the aviation, road, rail, and water ways and transports a country can experience a radical transformation that leads to economic revenue, trade foster, FDI, and development. Besides, it contributes to sustainability and citizenship well-being.


The Dipendra Kandel Initiative undertakes transportation research as to draft government policy recommendations aimed to facilitate the conditions and initiatives that better-off transportation conditions.


Transportation research focuses on: Transportation investment, mobility planning, transportation infrastructure, transportation systems, public & private transportation coexistence, sustainability, transportation accessibility…


Civil Aviation...
Road Transport
Rail Transport
Walking and Cycling
Water Transport
Civil Aviation...

Civil Aviation Policy

Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial. Most of the countries in the world are members of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and work together to establish common standards and recommended practices for civil aviation through that agency.


Civil aviation includes two major categories: (1) Scheduled air transport, including all passenger and cargo flights operating on regularly scheduled routes; and (2) General aviation (GA), including all other civil flights, private or commercial

Personal Licensing and Training

A system of standards, processes and procedures aimed to ensure that personnel undertaking safety related tasks in civil aviation (pilots, air traffic controllers, aircraft maintenance engineers, etc.).


Aircraft Operations ​(OPS)​

Aircraft fly approved flight paths that have been developed over time in consultation with government, councils and residents.  The management of aircraft by air traffic control is a complex process.


Airworthiness of Aircraft (AIR)

Airworthiness has a number of aspects which relate to the legal and physical state of an aircraft.  Airworthy is when an aircraft or one of its component parts meets its type design and is in a condition for safe operation.” 

Aircraft Accident and Incident AIG

According to the provisions laid down in ICAO Annex 13 - Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation, States shall investigate or delegate the investigation of accidents which have occurred in their territory.


Air Navigation Services (ANS)

A system of standards, processes and procedures aimed to ensure that personnel undertaking safety related tasks in civil aviation (pilots, air traffic controllers, aircraft maintenance engineers, etc.).


Aerodromes and Ground Aids

Aircraft fly approved flight paths that have been developed over time in consultation with government, councils and residents.  The management of aircraft by air traffic control is a complex process.


Aviation Legislation (AL)

Airworthiness has a number of aspects which relate to the legal and physical state of an aircraft.  Airworthy is when an aircraft or one of its component parts meets its type design and is in a condition for safe operation.” 

Civil Aviation Organization (ORG)

According to the provisions laid down in ICAO Annex 13 - Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation, States shall investigate or delegate the investigation of accidents which have occurred in their territory.


Road Transport

Road Transport

Road transport is vital to economic development, trade and social integration, which rely on the conveyance of both people and goods. Reduction in transport costs promote specialization, extend markets and thereby enable exploitation of the economies of scale. Global competition has made the existence of efficient transport and logistic systems in delivery chain an absolute imperative. 

Reforming Public Transport Planning and Delivery

This policy examines the difference in which public transport planning is undertaken and services are delivered. The report focuses primarily on urban public transport markets, with some consideration given to intercity markets. Case studies and examples address bus, tram, metro and urban or regional rail. It discusses how well different models of transport organisation deliver value for money, encourage and harness innovation, and help systems prepare for the challenges and opportunities on the horizon. Recommendations highlight the key main factors for successful reform of public transport systems.

Policies to Extend the Life of Road Assets

This policy examines the difference in which public transport planning is undertaken and services are delivered. The report focuses primarily on urban public transport markets, with some consideration given to intercity markets. Case studies and examples address bus, tram, metro and urban or regional rail. It discusses how well different models of transport organisation deliver value for money, encourage and harness innovation, and help systems prepare for the challenges and opportunities on the horizon. Recommendations highlight the key main factors for successful reform of public transport systems.

Assessing the Environmental Performance of New Mobility

This policy examines the difference in which public transport planning is undertaken and services are delivered. The report focuses primarily on urban public transport markets, with some consideration given to intercity markets. Case studies and examples address bus, tram, metro and urban or regional rail. It discusses how well different models of transport organisation deliver value for money, encourage and harness innovation, and help systems prepare for the challenges and opportunities on the horizon. Recommendations highlight the key main factors for successful reform of public transport systems.

Rail Transport

Rail Transport

Rail transport or train transport is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on tracks. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles (rolling stock) are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run.

Efficiency in Railway Operations and Infrastructure Management

This policy provides a framework for making reliable comparisons of the efficiency of rail systems. Efficiency is of concern to all governments but measuring it for railways is challenging. This is because of the complexity of providing rail services and the diversity of business models adopted to deliver them. Restructuring of the sector in many countries makes trends in costs and efficiency particularly difficult to track. There are also trade-offs to be made in how detailed the analysis needs to be and the availability of consistent data over time. The report proposes a balanced scorecard for characterising performance.

Walking and Cycling

Walking and Cyclying

Rail transport or train transport is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on tracks. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles (rolling stock) are directionally guided by the tracks on which they run.

Pedestrian Safety, Urban Space and Health

Walking is the most natural form of mobility; however cities have not always evolved to accommodate the needs of pedestrians and walking has in many cases been neglected in the development of transport systems. Improving the pedestrian environment can contribute significantly to meeting the challenges of climate change, air pollution and health. This policy presents decision-makers with hard evidence on the important place of walking in transport policies and provide guidelines for developing a safe environment.

Water Transport

Water Transport

Water transportation is the intentional movement of water over large distances. Methods of transportation fall into three categories: Aqueducts, which include pipelines, canals, tunnels and bridges. container shipment, which includes transport by tank truck, tank car, and tank ship.

The Impact of Alliances in Container Shipping

This policy assesses the impact of alliances on the maritime transport chain and its main stakeholders. Alliances have become a dominant feature of container shipping, with around 95% of the major East-West container trades covered by carriers that form part of three global alliances. The report discusses the impacts on competition and asks whether alliances bring benefits, and for whom. Finally, it presents policy options for governments based on the findings.