Dipendra Kandel Initiative


    The Dipendra Kandel Initiative Election Observation Mission (EOM) Department has its own framework when it comes to mission conduction. The procedures are non-western system based and have been polished over the successful conduction of the Election Observation Missions of Zimbabwe’s General Election 2018, Bangladesh’ General Election 2018, Denmark’s General Election 2019, and Nepal’s By-Election 2019.

    Normally, the way an EOM is conducted at the Dipendra Kandel initiative is the following:

    • Prior to the EOM core days, our Observers perform extensive research on the Country’s politics, economic, sociocultural features, as well as bureaucratic procedures and electoral context
    • The core days of the EOM are the day prior to the Election, the Election day, and the day after it. Over these days, the Dipendra Kandel Initiative Election Observation Mission observes polling, counting and tabulation procedures:
      • On the first day, our observers focus on pre-polling activities
      • On the second day -Election Day -, our observers are assigned specific polling locations (at least twenty) and are deployed in order to observe the day’s electoral procedures and practices.
      • On the third day – a day after the Elections -, our observers follow the counting and tabulation procedures.
    • As a result, the EOM team drafts a report within fifteen days from the date of the Election Day that is forwarded to the country of elections’ governmental departments concerned. Furthermore, the EOM team elaborates a set of recommendations based on the bureaucratic learnings which are later be distributed to governments across South Asia and Africa, who can benefit from learning about the country of concern’ electoral process.

In order to properly distribute the workload of our EOMs, the DKIEOM team is assisted by two categories of Election Observers, who are recruited in the months prior to the election core days:

Short-term Observers (STOs):

STOs work closely with LTOs in order to help them cover as much polling stations as possible during the core days of the EOM, focusing in opening, voting, closing, and counting procedures.

Due to the supporting nature of their role, STOs are normally deployed up to 15 days in the country where elections take place, when they receive an in-depth briefing and relevant background materials.

STOs must fill out reporting forms on the bureaucratic and administrative aspects of the electoral process on the area they are deployed, which are latter forwarded to the DKIEOM team in order to gather relevant data.

Long-term term Observers (LTOs):

LTOs constitute the backbone of our EOMs. LTOs engage in observation activities up to several months prior to the election core days. During these months, LTOs work remotely with our international team reviewing the legal framework, monitoring voter and candidate registration, and following the work of election management bodies.

Normally, LTOs are deployed in the country up to a month since it gives them more time to become familiar with the bureaucratic framework of the election’ state. Besides, LTOs must make logistical preparations for STOs: locating polling centres, devising core-days plans, and assisting the DKIEOM team with administrative, bureaucratic, & logistic arrangements.

After the core days of the EOM, LTOs collaborate with our team in order to draft the reports and policy recommendations that the Dipendra Kandel Initiative produces after the finalization of the EOM.